John Quincy Adams
Wife: Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852), on
July 26, 1797
Kids: George Washington Adams (1801-29); John
Adams (1803-34); Charles Francis Adams (1807-86); Louisa
Catherine Adams (1811-12)
Pets: alligator; silkworms
Bio: John Quincy Adams, (1767-1848), was the
6th President Of The United States. He was the son of
John Adams, our 2nd president. Born in Braintree, Massachusetts,
on July 11, 1767, he was home educated until the age
of 10, when he went to Europe in 1767 with his father
and learned French at a private school in Paris, and
later studied at the University of Leiden. He returned
to the United States in 1785 to attend and graduate
from Harvard. By 1790, he had settled down to practice
law in Boston.
Soon, President Washington had appointed him as U.S.
minister to the Netherlands and then to Berlin. While
on a mission to England, he married Louisa Catherine
Johnson in 1797, a daughter of the American consul in
London. Back in the states in 1803, Monroe was elected
to the U.S. Senate. His successful career continued
when he was appointed by Madison as the first minister
of the United States to Russia, where he served from
1809 to 1814, and then to England from 1815 to 1817.
President James Monroe recalled Adams from England to
become secretary of state in 1817. He held the office
throughout Monroe's two administrations, until 1825
when he was elected as president.
John Quincy Adams has often been called the greatest
U.S. secretary of state, but was not considered one
of the greatest presidents. Although he believed in
the Constitution, he also believed in a strong national
government, calling for strong policies under national
control. This did not sit well with the public. They
were more interested in a loose government with more
individual freedoms. He only served one term, being
defeated by Andrew Jackson in 1828. However, he was
elected to Congress by the 12th district of Massachusetts.
He died in 1848 while still a Congressman.