James Monroe
5th President of the United States

(1817 - 1825)
Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins


Elizabeth Korthright Monroe

Eliza Monroe
Maria Hester Monroe

President: James Monroe

Elizabeth "Eliza" Kortright (1768-1830), on February 16, 1786

Kids: Eliza Kortright Monroe (1786-1835); James Spence Monroe (1799-1800);Maria Hester Monroe (1803-50)

Pets: a spaniel

Bio: James Monroe, (1758-1831) was the 5th President Of The United States. Monroe was born in Westmoreland county, Virginia on April 28, 1758. Unlike the previous presidents, his family was not well known, but ordinary farmers. He began attending William and Mary College in July 1774, but was too interested in fighting in the American Revolution, so he enlisted in the Third Virginia Regiment in the spring of 1776. He was seriously wounded in Trenton but recovered and was promoted to colonel.

In 1780, he returned to Virginia to study law and run for public office, serving in the Confederation Congress from 1783 - 1786. By 1789, he had married Elizabeth Kortright of New York and was establishing a family. Although one boy of theirs died in infancy, they went on to raise two beautiful girls.

Elected to the United States Senate in 1790, he worked with Jefferson and Madison in organizing the Republican Party. Continuing his political career he became governor of Virginia in 1799 and held various federal government positions throughout the next several years, finally being elected president in 1816.

Monroe’s presidency was most remembered for the "Monroe Doctrine," although it was not known by this name until 20 years after his death. Monroe’s powerful statement still has an effect on our present day foreign policies! His statement in the annual message of December 1823 declared that all North and South American continents were then closed to further colonization by any outside forces. This was a bold and brave move and set the United States up as protectors of other nations.

Monroe served a second term and then retired to an estate in Loudoun county, Virginia. He died on July 4, 1831, at the home of his daughter in New York City.


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