Dolley Payne Todd (1768-1849), on September 15, 1794
Macaw the parrot; sheep
James Madison, (1751-1836),was the 4th President Of
The United States. He was born at grandparents
home in Port Conway, Virginia on March 16, 1751. He
then lived his whole life in Orange county, Virginia
on a 5,000-acre tobacco plantation with 100 slaves.
He attended the College of New Jersey at Princeton.,
receiving his bachelor of arts degree in 1771.
Madison was elected to the Continental Congress in 1780,
where he served for nearly four years. He was considered
one of the "Founding Fathers" of The United
States of America, as he worked diligently toward independence
from Britain and was a staunch supporter of Jefferson.
Named the "Father of the Constitution," he
was a key developer of the Constitution and was a sponsor
of the Bill of Rights.
being appointed Secretary of State in Jeffersons
administration, Madison was very popular among the people
and was easily elected as president in 1808. He was
the fourth Virginian in a row to be elected president!
Unfortunately, his administration faced many political
difficulties. He appointed poorly qualified secretaries
to the War and Navy departments, and a disloyal one
to the State Department.
he tried to keep America from war, in November 1811,
at the urging of many legislators, Madison asked for
and received a declaration of war against Britain in
June 1812. There were very difficult years ahead. He
suffered a nearly fatal illness in June 1813. His armies
were being defeated in many battles due to poor leadership,
Then disaster struck when the British troops burned
down the White House! By February 1815, however, America
had prevailed in the war!
Retiring to his Virginia farm, Madison helped Jefferson
found the University of Virginia and continued to advise
Monroe on foreign policy. Madison's health slowly declined
until he died on June 28, 1836. He was the last survivor
of the founders of the American Republic.