Wife: Lou Henry (1875-1944), on February 10,
Kids: Herbert Clark Hoover (1903-69); Allan Henry
Pets: a collie; Yukon, a malamute; Patrick, an
Irish wolfhound; Eaglehurst Gillette, a setter; Weejie,
an elkhound; fox terriers named Big Ben and Sonnie;
shepherds named King Tut and Pat; an opossum
Bio: Herbert Hoover, (1874-1964), was the 31st
President of the United States. Herbert Clark Hoover
was born in West Branch, Iowa, on Aug. 10, 1874. His
father died of typhoid fever when Herbert was six years
old. Less than three years later, his mother died of
pneumonia. He went to to live with an uncle in Newberg,
Oregon, and attended a Quaker academy. At 17, Hoover
entered Stanford University, graduating in May 1895
with a degree in engineering.
Hoover went on to work for a variety of foreign engineering
firms, including those from Britain, Australia and China.
Before leaving for China, he married Lou Henry on Feb.
10, 1899. But in 1901, he returned to London, working
there until 1908. Soon he developed his own worldwide
engineering firm and became quite wealthy.
During the War, Hoover was appointed by Wilson to institute
the American Relief Administration to alleviate the
suffering of people living in war-torn countries. Hoover
developed it into a worldwide relief organization, supporting
and feeding almost 200 million people by 1920.
Soon Harding appointed him secretary of commerce, where
he gained the respect to be the Republican nominee for
president. He won with a larger popular vote and a larger
electoral vote (444 to 87) than any president had ever
received.The two major issues marking Hoovers
presidency were Prohibition and the Depression. He struggled
to enforce Prohibition, and was shocked when the stock
market crashed on Oct. 29, 1929, eventually leaving
14 million Americans un employed before the end of Hoover's
Although he was renominated in 1932, he lost in a decisive
vote for Franklin D. Roosevelt. However, he stayed active
in the government, his last position being that of the
head of the Commission on Organization of the Executive
Branch of Government. He retired in 1955 at the age
Hoover died in New York City on Oct. 20, 1964, 2 months
after his 90th birthday.