Theodore Roosevelt
26th President of the United States

(1901 - 1909)
Vice President: Charles W. Fairbanks

Roosevelt riding his horse through the pastures and over fences.

 

Roosevelt started his efforts to preserve Yellowstone National Park as early as 1894 when he as president of the Boone and Crockett Club (a hunters' organization comprised of eminent scientists, lawyers and politicians) worked the Secretary of the Interior to enlarge the park and improve its governance. The resulting legislation provided new levels of protection from commercial development and "ecological destruction". Conservation of natural wonders and natural resources became TR's legacy. In 1903, President Roosevelt came to inspect Yellowstone.

Four year old "Teedie" Theodore Roosevelt in 1862. TR suffered greatly from asthma causing him to be sick frequently.

Reporters were waiting as TR, Kermit and their party ended the safari and arrived in Egypt. TR, joined by Edith began a "grand tour" of Europe including Paris, where he delivered his "Citizenship in a Republic" speech and Norway, where he accepted the Nobel Prize he had been awarded several years before for the Treaty of Portsmouth.

This 1903 photo shows the President, his wife Edith and their six children at the family home of Sagamore Hill in Oyster Bay on Long Island, New York. TR loved his family and spent hours roaming the hills and rowing the shores with the children.

TR learned of the death of his youngest son Quentin in July of 1918. Quentin, a fighter pilot for the US Army Air Corps in WW1, was shot down behind enemy lines. "Grandfather" Roosevelt hugs baby granddaughter Edith Roosevelt Derby, 1918.

Still only 50 years old when he left the Presidency, TR went looking for adventure on Safari in Africa. At heart TR was a naturalist, fascinated with all the species of animals on earth. He always had a small menagerie of live and preserved specimens as a child. As and adult he was quite expert. Hundreds of species were identified and brought back to the Smithsonian and the American Museum of Natural History from his 1909-1910 expedition to East Africa with son Kermit (shown sitting next to TR).

President: Theodore Roosevelt

Wife: Alice Hathaway Lee (1861-1884), on October 27, 1880; Edith Kermit Carow (1861-1948), on December 2, 1886

Kids: Alice Lee Roosevelt (1884-1980); Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (1887-1944); Kermit Roosevelt (1889-1943); Ethel Carow Roosevelt (1891-1977); Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt (1894-1979); Quentin Roosevelt (1897-1918)

Pets: a Chesapeake Bay retriever; Manchu, a Pekingese; Skip, a mutt; terriers named Jack and Pete; cats named Tom Quartz and Slippers; Josiah the badger; Algonquin the pony; Eli the macaw; Jonathan the piebald rat; Emily Spinach, a garter snake; twelve horses; five bears; five guinea pigs; other snakes; two kangaroo rats; lizards; roosters; anowl; a flying squirrel; a raccoon; a coyote; a lion; a hyena; a zebra

Bio: Theodore Roosevelt, (1858-1919) was the 26th President Of The United States. Born in New York City on Oct. 27, 1858, he suffered from asthma and poor vision. He was educated by tutors until he entered Harvard College, receiving a BA in 1880. Later that year he married Alice Hathaway Lee. Their happiness came to a tragic end when Alice died during while giving birth on Feb. 14, 1884. Ironically, Roosevelt's mother died the very same day.

In 1897. he was appointed as assistant secretary of the navy in 1897. This led to him becoming a colonel in the 1st U. S. Volunteer Cavalry (the "Rough Riders") during the . In Puerto Rico, he led the Rough Riders in a heroic charge up Kettle Hill in the battle for San Juan. This established him as a hero throughout the United States.

Upon his return he ran for and became the governor of New York, before running on the McKinley ticket as vice-president. When McKinley was assassinated, Roosevelt took the oath of office and became president. As president, he worked hard to bring big business under stronger regulation to protect the people. He was responsible for breaking up the railroad monopoly of Northern Securities, owned by J.P. Morgan, John D. Rockefeller, Edward H. Harriman, and James J. Hill.

Another of Roosevelt’s major accomplishments was negotiating the deal to begin to build the Panama Canal. Roosevelt was easily re-elected in 1904. In his second term major issues included the environment and natural resources. He doubled the number of national parks, created 16 national monuments, and established 51 wildlife refuges. He also earned the Nobel Peace Prize when he mediated the end of the Russo-Japanese War.

Roosevelt had a very busy retirement, with trips to Africa and South America. There he contracted malaria. Recurring bouts with malarial fever sapped Roosevelt's strength during his last years. On Jan. 6, 1919, he died at home in his sleep.
 

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