Wife: Ida Saxton (1847-1907), on January 25,
Kids: Katherine McKinley (1871-75); Ida McKinley
Pets: a parrot; an Angora cat and her kittens
Bio: William McKinley, (1843-1901), was the 25th
President Of The United States. McKinley was born in
Niles, Ohio, on Jan. 29, 1843. He was one of nine children
in a working class family. He joined the Army at the
outset of the Civil War, committed to preserving the
After studying in Ohio and New York, McKinley was admitted
to the Ohio bar. He settled in Canton, Ohio, to practice
law and participate in Republican politics. Respected
for his honesty, he served in the US House of Representatives
from 1877 to 1891.
After marrying Ida Saxton in 1871, they lost two young
daughters. Mrs. McKinley suffered deeply from this and
relied greatly on her husband for emotional support.
Elected governor of Ohio in 1891 and in 1893, he supported
tax reform, including higher rates for corporations.
In 1896, he was nominated for President and campaigned
very hard, leading to a popular and electoral vote victory.
Soon, his administration was plunged into a battle of
wills with Spain, which was brutalizing the country
of Cuba. After the destruction of the battleship Maine
in Havana harbor, Congress approved a declaration of
war on April 25. The Spanish-American War was brief,
resulting in an armistice being signed in August 1898.
The United States then temporarily occupied Cuba, took
Puerto Rico as a war indemnity, and acquired all of
the Philippine archipelago. Another major development
was The Gold Standard Act (1900), declaring the gold
dollar to be the sole standard of currency.
McKinley was renominated in 1900, and since his Vice
President had died in office, New York Governor Theodore
Roosevelt was chosen to be his running mate. McKinley
won easily without much of a campaign. Then, in September,
appearing at an exposition in Buffalo, Leon Czolgosz
shot him during a public reception. He lived for 8 days,
dying on September 14, 1901.