James A. Garfield
Wife: Lucretia Rudolph (1832-1918), on November
Kids: Eliza A. Garfield (1860-63); Harry A. Garfield
(1863-1942); James R. Garfield (1865-1950); Mary Garfield
(1867-1947); Irvin M. Garfield (1870-1951); Abram Garfield
(1872-1958); Edward Garfield (1874-76)
Pets: Kit the horse; Veto the dog; fish
Bio: James Abram Garfield, (1831-1881), was the
20th President Of The United States. Born in a log cabin
near Cleveland, Ohio, on Nov. 19, 1831, he was the youngest
of five children. His father died in 1833, leaving the
family in poverty. At the age of 17, he began a 10 year
education. He graduated from Williams College with honors
In 1859 he was elected as a Republican to the Ohio Senate,
where he denounced slavery and secession, advocating
force, if needed, to preserve the Union. He studied
law and was admitted to the bar. In 1858 he married
Lucretia Rudolph, a former classmate. He fought in the
Civil War Garfield as a lieutenant colonel, then as
a major general. His heroic efforts led to an election
to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1862.
Garfield served in the House from 1863 to 1880, serving
as chairman of the committee on appropriations for several
of those years. He was also the House leader in establishing
the U.S. Department of Education.
In January 1880 he was elected to the presidency. Unfortunately,
his term was cut short when he was fatally shot on July
2, 1881 in a Washington railroad station by Charles
J. Guiteau. Guiteau was a mentally unbalanced man who
had unsuccessfully sought a federal appointment. The
President died at Elberon, N.J., on September 19. 1881.
After an attack of angina in Cleveland, Hayes died on
Jan. 17, 1893, at his estate, Spiegel Grove, in Fremont.