during the Civil War, where he was wounded in
action. He rose to the rank of brevet major general,
and while in the army was nominated to the House
of Representatives. As he states, "The man
who would leave the Battlefield to stump a State
for Congress, while his Country is in danger,
ought to be scalped."
Hayes with his daughter Fanny at age three. She
is his sixth child, but only the fourth to live
past the age of two.
Hayes family posing for a portrait. Pictured are
President Hayes and his wife, along with their
sons, Birchard Austin, James Webb, Rutherford
Platt, Scott Russell, and their daughter Fanny.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Wife: Lucy Ware Webb (1831-1889), on December
Kids: Birchard Austin Hayes (1853-1926); James
Webb Cook Hayes (1856-1934); Rutherford Platt Hayes
(1858-1927); Joseph Thompson Hayes (1861-63); George
Crook Hayes (1864-66); Fanny Hayes (1867-1950); Scott
Russell Hayes (1871-1923); Manning Force Hayes (1873-74)
Pets: a Siamese cat; Grim, a greyhound; Duke,
an English mastiff; Hector, a Newfoundland; Dot, a terrier;
canaries; cows; horses; goats; other dogs
Bio: Rutherford Birchard Hayes, (1822-1893),
was the 19th President Of The United States. He was
born on October 4, 1822, at Delaware, Ohio, 10 weeks
after his father died. Family tragedies continued with
the drowning of his brother Lorenzo. He was then the
only male in the family. He attended a Methodist seminary
at Norwalk, Ohio, and then Isaac Webb's private school
at Middletown, Conn. He entered Harvard Law School and
finished in 1845, going on to open a law practice in
Cincinnati. In December 1852, he married Lucy Ware Webb,
and they had seven sons and a daughter.
A notable part of his life at this time was that he
helped many fugitive slaves win their freedom through
the "underground railroad." Hayes also engaged
in military service in the Civil War, where he was wounded
five times. He soon was promoted to the rank of major
general. He was nominated for Congress in 1864 and elected.
One notable accomplishment while in this office was
his work on the development of the Library of Congress.
Hayes went on to serve as Ohio governor for 3 terms.
Elected as president in 1876, the major issues of his
administration had to do with reconciliation with the
South, which was quite challenging. He was in favor
of Blacks rights, which was obviously a point
of contention in the South. Foreign affairs also engaged
Hayes' attention. He declared that a U.S.-controlled
canal across Panama was a goal of his government. He
also dealt with a rush of Chinese immigrants and had
to engage in talks with China so he could regulate their
immigration more easily.
Hayes had pledged to serve just one term in office,
therefore he retired in 1881. After an attack of angina
in Cleveland, Hayes died on Jan. 17, 1893, at his estate,
Spiegel Grove, in Fremont.