Rutherford B. Hayes
19th President of the United States

(1877 - 1881)
Vice President: None

Hayes during the Civil War, where he was wounded in action. He rose to the rank of brevet major general, and while in the army was nominated to the House of Representatives. As he states, "The man who would leave the Battlefield to stump a State for Congress, while his Country is in danger, ought to be scalped."

President Hayes with his daughter Fanny at age three. She is his sixth child, but only the fourth to live past the age of two.

The Hayes family posing for a portrait. Pictured are President Hayes and his wife, along with their sons, Birchard Austin, James Webb, Rutherford Platt, Scott Russell, and their daughter Fanny.

President: Rutherford B. Hayes

Wife: Lucy Ware Webb (1831-1889), on December 30, 1852

Kids: Birchard Austin Hayes (1853-1926); James Webb Cook Hayes (1856-1934); Rutherford Platt Hayes (1858-1927); Joseph Thompson Hayes (1861-63); George Crook Hayes (1864-66); Fanny Hayes (1867-1950); Scott Russell Hayes (1871-1923); Manning Force Hayes (1873-74)

Pets: a Siamese cat; Grim, a greyhound; Duke, an English mastiff; Hector, a Newfoundland; Dot, a terrier; canaries; cows; horses; goats; other dogs

Bio: Rutherford Birchard Hayes, (1822-1893), was the 19th President Of The United States. He was born on October 4, 1822, at Delaware, Ohio, 10 weeks after his father died. Family tragedies continued with the drowning of his brother Lorenzo. He was then the only male in the family. He attended a Methodist seminary at Norwalk, Ohio, and then Isaac Webb's private school at Middletown, Conn. He entered Harvard Law School and finished in 1845, going on to open a law practice in Cincinnati. In December 1852, he married Lucy Ware Webb, and they had seven sons and a daughter.

A notable part of his life at this time was that he helped many fugitive slaves win their freedom through the "underground railroad." Hayes also engaged in military service in the Civil War, where he was wounded five times. He soon was promoted to the rank of major general. He was nominated for Congress in 1864 and elected. One notable accomplishment while in this office was his work on the development of the Library of Congress. Hayes went on to serve as Ohio governor for 3 terms.

Elected as president in 1876, the major issues of his administration had to do with reconciliation with the South, which was quite challenging. He was in favor of Blacks’ rights, which was obviously a point of contention in the South. Foreign affairs also engaged Hayes' attention. He declared that a U.S.-controlled canal across Panama was a goal of his government. He also dealt with a rush of Chinese immigrants and had to engage in talks with China so he could regulate their immigration more easily.

Hayes had pledged to serve just one term in office, therefore he retired in 1881. After an attack of angina in Cleveland, Hayes died on Jan. 17, 1893, at his estate, Spiegel Grove, in Fremont.

- Back to President List -