Wife: Eliza McCardle (1810-1876), on May 5, 1827
Kids: Martha Johnson (1828-1901); Charles Johnson
(1830-63); Mary Johnson (1832-83); Robert Johnson (1834-69);
Andrew Johnson (1852-79)
Pets: White mice
Bio: Andrew Johnson (1808-1875), was the 17th
President Of The United States. Johnson was born on
Dec. 29, 1808, in Raleigh, North Carolina, the younger
of two sons. When his father died in 1811, his mother
was left to support the family by spinning and weaving
cloth in their Raleigh cottage.
In 1827, the family moved to Greeneville, where he opened
his own tailor shop. In the same year he married Eliza
McCardle. In 1831 he began his political career when
he was elected as mayor of Greeneville. He worked with
like-minded friends to help develop the new Democratic
Party. Johnson was elected to the state legislature
in 1835, 1839, and 1841, and to the U.S. Congress in
1843. He then went on to become Governor from 1853 to
1857, when he was elected to the U.S. Senate.
Johnson's strained relationship with his own party damaged
beyond repair when he tried to prevent Tennessee from
joining the secession movement after Lincoln's election
to the presidency in 1860. Of course, this also put
him in good favor with President Lincoln. As Lincoln's
running mate on the Union party ticket, Johnson was
elected in November 1864. Then, on April 15, 1865, Johnson
became president after Lincoln's assassination.
As soon as he became president, he gave Southerners
the right to establish their own changes in slavery
laws, angering most Northerners. But Congress set aside
the governments Johnson had created in the South and
put Southerners under military supervision. When Johnson
tried to gain control of the Army in February 1868 in
violation of law, he was the first American President
to be impeached by the House of Representatives. But
when tried before the Senate, he received a verdict
of "not guilty."
After he served out the term, he returned to Tennessee
and was elected to the US Senate, but he died a few
months later, on July 31, 1875.