Wife: Jane Means Appleton (1806-1863), on November
Kids: Franklin Pierce (1836); Frank Robert Pierce
(1839-43); Benjamin Pierce (1841-53)
Pets: no pets
Bio: Franklin Pierce, (1804-1869), was the 14th
President Of The United States. Born in Hillsborough
Lower Village, New Hampshire on Nov. 23, 1804, Franklin
Pierce was one of eight children. His father had served
in the American Revolution and as governor of New Hampshire.
Franklin was educated at Hillsborough Center, Hancock
Academy, and Bowdoin College, from which he graduated
fifth in his class in 1824. He then studied law and
was admitted to the New Hampshire bar in 1827.
In 1829, Pierce was elected to the New Hampshire legislature
and in 1834 became a US Congressman. Three years later
he moved on to become a U. S. senator. On Nov. 19, 1834,
Pierce married Jane Means Appleton, a daughter of the
former president of Bowdoin College. His wife did not
approve of the drinking in the Capitol, and so convinced
Pierce to return to NH, where he opened a law practice
in Concord. At the start of the Mexican War, he enlisted
as a private, and was quickly promoted through the ranks
to brigadier general. His leg was crushed in the Battle
of Churubusco, yet he stayed with his command until
the capture of Mexico City.
In June 1852, Pierce was elected as president. Soon
after the election, the Pierce family was in a train
wreck, and the parents watched as their third and only
surviving child, 11-year-old Benjamin, was crushed to
death. Mrs. Pierce was so grief-stricken she became
a recluse, and the President himself was less able to
function due to the mourning he experienced.
During his term, the slavery issue was in the forefront
of national politics. He was against expansion, yet
pursued a foreign policy that included acquiring Cuba.
That never came to be.
Pierce was not renominated in 1856. He spent his last
years in virtual seclusion and died in Concord on Oct.