Description: Bred as a fisherman’s/water rescue dog, Newfoundlands love the water. It’s been said that these good-humored, sociable, gentle, straightforward, affectionate, tractable dogs are very sensitive and extremely well attuned to people. Because of their very friendly nature, Newfoundlands may not be particularly vigilant – though they will protect their family/owners/handlers if necessary – and rarely bark.
These self-assured, levelheaded dogs do not like hectic environments, such as very unruly kids, and will clam up in a large obedience class. Train, or have, your Newfoundland trained one-on-one. These dogs are intelligent and whatever they don’t know naturally will be learned quickly. Newfoundlands can be latchkey dogs, but not excessively so.
Height: 26 - 28 inches
Weight: 110 -150 lbs.
Colors: Black, brown, gray, or Landseer (black head with black markings on a white ground).
Coat: Flat, dense, and coarse textured double coat; oily and water resistant. Outer coat moderately long, straight or slightly wavy.
Temperament: Responsive, docile
With Children: Yes, good with small children, provides a wonderful companion for growing active children
With Pets: Yes
Special Skills: Originally a fisherman's dog, now a family pet.
Care and Exercise: Daily brushing of his tick double coat with a hard brush. Shedding of the undercoat is twice a year. Avoid bathing unless necessary as it will strip away his natural coat's oils. Instead use dry shampoo. He needs regular, moderate exercise even though he would love to laze around. Loves to swim he should be given the opportunity whenever is possible.
Training: A calm and balanced manner is needed as he is a very sensitive breed who will listen to the tone of your voice.
Learning Rate: High, Obedience - High, Problem Solving - High
Activity: Outdoors - High, Indoors - Low
Living Environment: Not suited for apartment living as he need lots of room. A large fenced yard is essential. He is more suited to colder than hot climates.
Health Issues: Hip dysplasia, genetic heart conditions.
Life Span: 10 Years
Litter Size: 8 - 10
Country of Origin: Canada
History: One of the few native North American breeds he comes from Newfoundland Island in Canada, where he was said to have first arrived with the British and French fisherman who reach these North Atlantic shores. His ancestors may have included the Great Pyrenees and Tibetan Mastiff. He was bred by the early settlers to pull sleds, hunt and guard. He adapted to the rugged conditions of Newfoundland by developing webbed feet and an oily coat which allows him to remain in the water for long periods of time. Today he is popular as a household pet throughout Europe and North America.
First Registered by the AKC: 1886
AKC Group: Working