Description: Bred as retrievers, these dogs are lovable, intelligent, sociable, self-confident, sensitive, quick learners and have a great memory. It is said Golden Retrievers remember what they have learned for the rest of their lives.
Though they are pretty adaptable, these dogs are more prone to displacement behavior – akin to separation anxiety in humans – and can be late bloomers. They also can be dominant.
Because of their high energy level, don’t start structured training with your Golden Retrievers before seven to eight month. This breed’s energy level also makes training a challenge, so patience is the key.
Other Names: Yellow Retriever
Height: 20 - 24 inches
Weight: 60 - 80 lbs.
Colors: Any shades of gold or cream.
Coat: Flat or wavy with good feathering, dense, water-resistant undercoat.
Temperament: Responsive, alert, well-mannered, playful
With Children: Yes, usually do well with children, best if supervised with younger children as they can be pushy with their affection.
With Pets: Yes
Special Skills: Field sports dog and family pet
Care and Training: Shed a fair amount and should be groomed weekly with a firm bristle brush or comb. Bath as needed. Needs long daily walks and the opportunity to run freely.
Learning Rate: Very High, Obedience - High, Problem Solving - Medium.
Activity: Moderate - High
Living Environment: A home with a fenced yard is essential either in the country or city as he will adjust to either environment as long as daily exercise is given. He does not do well as an apartment dog, nor as a companion for the elderly as he is a very active breed. An owner of a Golden Retriever needs to be willing to give him the attention he requires.
Health Issues: Hip dysplasia, hereditary cataract and epilepsy.
Life Span: 10 - 12 Years
Litter Size: 6 - 10
Country of Origin: Great Britain
History: It is said that Lord Tweedmouth saw a troupe of eight Russian sheepdogs performing in a circus in the seaside resort of Brighton in England. He was so impressed that following the show purchased all eight dogs. The Golden Retrievers history is then documented by handwritten records of Lord Tweedmouth. In 1868, Lord Tweedmouth mated a Tweed Water Spaniel to a yellow retriever and this resulted in the foundation of the definitive yellow breed now known as the Golden Retriever. In 1881 Lord Tweedmouth's son took two yellow retrievers with him to their family's Texas ranch.
First Registered by the AKC: 1925
AKC Group: Sporting Group