Description: Collies are smart dogs with natural herding and protecting abilities. They will even try to herd their family/owners/handlers and are very protective of them. These dogs bond closely with their family/owners/handlers and have no desire to run away.
Like all working dogs, Collies need organized activities to thrive. Trained with a gentle, loving hand, they will learn quickly and happily. They are active, proud, and cautious. The Collie will be content in the country or city, as long as he has family companionship.
Collies are barkers, barking at anything perceived as a threat. Train to build confidence Ė and teach the "quiet" command Ė so that the dog is less of a barker. They are very sensitive to the emotions of the household and barometric pressure. Collies donít like training but are quick learners and want to please, so just coax them through. Donít get too firm, because the dog will not learn.
The Collie is an alert watchdog, quick to sound alarm and very protective of his family, although he is not an aggressive dog. Both rough and smooth coats require thorough weekly brushings to keep the coat clean and free of mats.
Renowned for his loyalty and his reliability, the Collie makes a great companion and friend.
Other Names: Scottish Collie
Height: 22 - 26 inches
Weight: 51- 75 lbs.
Colors: Sable and white, tri colored and blue merle (not permissible in the UK).
Coat (Smooth): Very dense, straight outer coat with soft, furry undercoat
Coat (Rough): Short, harsh and smooth with a dense undercoat.
Temperament: Intelligent, gentile, social
With Children: Yes, excellent.
With Pets: Yes, usually very good.
Special Skills: Sheepdog and family pet
Guard-dog: Medium - Low, he will make friends rather than attack.
Care and Exercise: Rough Coated: Coat shed dirt easily, but a weekly brushing will keep him in good condition. Collies shed a lot, take extra care during shedding to remove mats and tangles. Smooth Coated: Minimal grooming is necessary. Regular walks or free exercise is necessary to keep a well balanced dog.
Training: Basic obedience training should be taught at an early age. He is a quick learner who will give his best results by you using the tone of your voice. Housebreaking is relatively easy for this breed.
Learning Rate: High, Obedience - Very High, Problem Solving - High
Activity: Indoors - Low, Outdoors - High
Living Environment: A home with a fenced yard is best.
Health Issues: Eye problems, hip dysplasia and skin infections.
Life Span: 12 Years
Litter Size: 6 - 10
Country of Origin: Scotland
History: All varieties of Collies come from Scotland where he was used in the Scottish Lowlands as a hard working sheepdog. The word "colley" is a Scottish term for a sheep with a black face and legs. Claims have been made that the Rough Collie was crossed with the Borzoi. He remained a working sheepdog until the 1860's when Queen Victoria encountered the breed and was so impressed that she took some back to the royal kennels in Windsor. This stimulated great interest in the breed overnight.
First Registered by the AKC: 1885
AKC Group: Herding