Description: The fuzzy, adorable Chow Chow puppy becomes a powerful and independent dog in a few short months. The Chow is highly intelligent and extremely loyal and possessive of its family/owners/handlers. These dogs are great companions for adults who will take the time to care for them properly. This breed is for an experienced dog owner. He is serious, dignified, and proud.
Keen intelligence, an independent spirit and innate dignity give the Chow an aura of aloofness. It is a Chow's nature to be reserved and discerning with strangers. Displays of aggression or timidity are unacceptable. Because of its deep-set eyes the Chow has limited peripheral vision and is best approached within the scope of that vision.
Training allows the family/owners/handlers to establish a firm pecking order with humans at the top. Chows Chows will try to dominate if they sense that you’re passive or unsure. Get the dog used to being handled or there will be hell to pay later in its life.
Height: 18 - 22 inches
Weight: 45 - 75 lbs.
Colors: Black, red, blue, fawn and cream.
Coat: Rough, abundant, dense and coarse with a pronounced ruff around head and neck. Smooth, has a hard dense outer coat with a soft undercoat with no ruff or feathering on his legs and tail.
Temperament: Alert, independent, strong-willed
With Children: With mature children only.
With Pets: May be aggressive toward other dogs and cats; supervision may be required.
Special Skills: In the past, a hunting dog. Today, a family pet.
Guard-dog: Yes - excellent. He is haughty, and will guard food, bones, toys and his areas of the house.
Care and Training: Regular grooming is necessary because of his dense coat to prevent matting. Extra care is needed during shedding. Dry shampoo when necessary. Professional grooming is suggested to give him the lion clip look. Chows have a tendency to be lazy but will be a healthier dog if given regular exercise like a good daily walk. He could be a challenge to train because of his strong-will. Training should begin early as a puppy.
Learning Rate: High intelligence, good trainability if positive reinforcement is used, low in obedience.
Living Environment: House with a fenced yard; daily exercise and attention.
Health Issues: Entropion, hip dysplasia.
Life Span: 12 - 15 Years
Litter Size: 3 - 6
Country of Origin: China
History: His name Chow Chow is from the Cantonese word for food. Developed by either the Siberians or Mongolians he probably began when primitive spitz types were crossed with eastern Mastiff-type dogs. Original used as a temple guard dog, he later became favored as a hunting dog of the Chinese emperors. The blue-black tongue Chows appeared in Great Britain by the late 18th century.
First Registered by the AKC: 1903
AKC Group: Non-Sporting